Research

QSS is involved with many research projects that span the social sciences.

Student Funded-Projects

QSS offers research funding for select student projects. Recent projects include:

  • "More than Just a Name:  Can First Names Signal Party Affiliation?," 2015-16, Clara Wang '17, QSS minor and B.A. Government
  • "Does Randomized Ballot Order Increase Invalid Votes?" presented by Alex Woodruff '17 at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association (Chicago) and co-authored by Professor of Government and Mitsui Professor of Japanese Studies Yusaku Horiuchi
  • "Exploring French Public Opinion of the United States through an Empirical Application of Intergroup Contact Theory," 2014-15, Brett Drucker '15, B.A. Government
  • “Variations in Public Diplomacy Language in Producing Soft Power in the Arab World,” 2014–2015, Sara Kassir ’15, B.A. Government
  • “Dangerous Allies? Entanglement and Moral Hazard in the US-Japan Alliance,” 2014–2015, Alexander Rubin ’15, B.A. Government
  • "The Electoral Politics of Crime:  Salience and Effectiveness of Anti-Crime Platforms in Latin American Presidential Campaigns," 2014-15, Samantha Sherman '15, B.A. Government, B.A. Hispanic Studies

Presentations by Students Majoring in QSS

  • "Understanding the prevalence, effects, and perceptions of Eating Disorders among different populations" Shirley Fang '17

Abstract: Emphasis on appearance and social pressure to achieve a certain ideal have always pervaded society but have recently become much more pervasive due to the rise of social media. With edited images of models on every advertisement and website, is it any wonder that rates of body dissatisfaction are on the rise? In Project 1 of this study, I compare rates of eating disorders (EDs) among undergraduate students at Dartmouth College—specifically dancers, other athletes, and the remainder of the student body, as well as between men and women. My findings suggest that overall, women are at a higher risk for EDs than men, but participation in dance or other sports is correlated positively with body satisfaction for women, whereas men’s body image does not change significantly with athletic activity. Project 2 of this study examines whether stigmatized attitudes towards individuals with EDs differ by gender. My results demonstrate that on average, women are more likely to be taken seriously than men with identical ED symptoms. Furthermore, women may be more inclined than men to accurately suspect that an individual suffers from an ED. Given that EDs have the highest rate of mortality of any mental illness, understanding the prevalence, effects, and perceptions of EDs among different populations is crucial to developing effective measures of prevention and treatment.

Presentations by Students Minoring in QSS

  • "Do non-white players in the National Football League suffer because of implicit racial discrimination?" Jack Heneghan '18, QSS minor and Econonomics major

Abstract: Do non-white players in the National Football League suffer because of implicit racial discrimination by the League’s officials, the majority of whom are white? This paper looks at data from the National             Football League over the most recent five seasons (2012-2016) to consider this question. Evidence of similar bias was previously found in the NBA by Price and Wolfers (2006) and in the MLB by Parsons, Sulaeman, Yates, and Hamermesh (2007). Considering 1,278 games over 5 seasons, this analysis finds statistically significant evidence for implicit bias by officials based on the racial composition of a team’s starting lineup. Testing indicates that teams with a fewer number of white players, and hence greater number of non-white players, in the starting lineup are called for fewer penalties both in terms of yardage and number of calls, providing evidence of implicit bias on the part of referees. 

  • "The Effect Of School Choice On School Segregation: A Look At Charter Schools’ Impact on Racial Diversity Within The U.S. Public School System" Abhilasha Gokulan '18, QSS and Public Policy minor and Economics major

Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate recent changes in the U.S. education system, namely an influx in the number of charter schools, on the percent of racially segregated schools within our public school system. Conducting analysis at a school, district, and state level, it is first apparent that segregation in schools continues to be extant and disproportionately impacts certain regions. Our regression analysis, both at district and state levels using a non-delayed dataset and a time-delayed dataset, precludes us from confidently determining the increase in number of charter schools during our entire time frame of analysis, 2006 school year to the 2013 school year, causes a decrease in the percent of segregated schools. However, at a regional level controlling for year effects, it becomes apparent that certain states have experienced a decrease in the percent of segregated schools when comparing one school year to the first school year of study. While this study attempts to understand the effect of school choice on school segregation, it is evident further analysis will be needed to grasp this phenomenon. 

  • "Opioid Related Overdose Deaths and SAMHSA-Certified Opioid Treatment Programs: Do they align and what else plays a role?" Sarah Portman '17, QSS and Psychology minor, B.A. in Goverment

Opioid addiction is a crisis hitting every corner of the United States. Mortality rates from overdose are skyrocketing and addiction is spreading across the country. In this paper, I am testing if Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) certified Opioid Treatment Programs (OTPs) are established based on the need for treatment, determined by overdose mortality rates, or for political motivations, determined by statewide party control. As the only option for Medication-Assisted Treatment, these Opioid Treatment Programs are crucial to the comprehensive fight against addiction. While this paper shows a correlation between need and number of programs, statewide poverty levels, political control and Good Samaritan policies also act as important indicators of treatment availability.

  • "How we Count: Census Block Data, Prisons, and Redistricting" Annie Ma '17, QSS minor and B.A. Government

Abstract: Under current redistricting practices, prisoners are counted where they are held rather than where they are from. Given the frequent and extensive movement of prisoners, who are not allowed to vote, how we count naturally affects whose representation counts. Using Census block data and electoral returns from state lower house elections, this study examines how partisan control of redistricting procedures can strategically distort voter representation at the ballot boxes by giving voters in some areas de facto “extra votes” from the phantom prison population counted in their district. The evidence suggests parties in control of redistricting will move prisons into swing districts to reduce the amount of campaigning need to tip the seat. While the substantive effects in the overall model are limited, a close examination of individual cases identifies numerous examples of partisan-motivated distortion through strategic prison allocation.

  • "The Impact of Student and Faculty Diversity on Achievement and Post-Graduate Outcomes," Winter 2017 presentation, Joel Weng '17, QSS minor and B.A. Economics

Abstract: This project studied the effect of multi-racial interaction in the student body and faculty at the school level at over four thousand institutions in the United States. By leveraging the expansiveness of the College Scorecard panel dataset and data-wrangling capabilities in R, the data indicated that diversity had a positive effect on completion and retention, but varied and sometimes negative effects on loan repayment and earnings.

  • "More than Just a Name:  Can First Names Signal Party Affiliation?," Spring 2016 presentation, Clara Wang '17, QSS minor and B.A. Government

Abstract: My QSS project examined whether people can infer someone's political affiliation based off their first name or other characteristics, such as what car a person drives or which beer someone prefers to drink.